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Xi Jinping was born in 1953 in Shaanxi province.
Xi's father was Xi Zhongxun, who served as China's deputy prime minister and was an early ally of Mao Zedong.
Being the son of Xi Zhongxun, Xi Jinping is considered a "princeling," a term used to describe descendants of prominent senior Communist Party officials.
As a youngster, Xi spent six years as a manual laborer on an agricultural commune, cementing ties to local peasants.
In 1985, Jinping spent two weeks in Muscatine, Iowa, as part of a Chinese delegation looking into farming technology, as reported by CNN.
Xi studied chemical engineering at Beijing's Tsinghua University, and also holds a doctorate in law.
Xi's wife, Peng Liyuan, is a well-known former contemporary folk singer.
Xi was elected president of China on March 14, 2013.
During Xi's time as president, Chinese authorities have increasingly cracked down on dissent at a level unseen in China in more than two decades.
At the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, Xi positioned his country as a leader in economic globalization during a time of increased talk of economic protectionism.
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